CODIT, Walls of Wall 1 - After being wounded, the tree responds in a dynamic way by plugging the vertical vascular system above and below the wound. The conducting elements-vessels in angiosperms and tracheids in gymnosperms-are plugged in various ways: tyloses, gum deposits, pit asperations, etc. The plugged elements complete the transverse top and bottom walls of the compartments. Wall 1 is the weakest wall. Wall 2. The last cells to form in each growth ring make up the tangential walls of the compartments. These walls are CONTINUOUS around each growth ring-except where sheets of ray cells pass through. Wall 2 is the second weakest wall. Wall 3. Sheets of ray cells make up the radial walls. They are DISCONTINUOUS walls because they vary greatly in length, thickness, and height. Walls 3 are the strongest walls in the tree at the time of wounding. Wall 4. After a tree is wounded, the cambium begins to form a new protective wall. The wall is both an anatomical and a chemical wall. This wall separates the tissue present at the time of wounding from tissue that forms after. It is the strongest of the four walls.
Text & Graphics Copyright © 2007 Keslick & Son Modern Arboriculture
Please report web site problems, comments and words of interest, not found.