17. References

Amaranthus M. - J.M. Trappe - L. Bednar    1994,    Hypogeous fungal production in mature Douglas-fir forest fragments and surrounding plantations and its relation to coarse woody debris and animal mycophagy.     Canadian Journal of Botany    24:2157-2165

DeGraaf, M.; Shigo, A. L.    1985,    Managing Cavity Trees for Wildlife in the Northeast    US Forest Ser. Gen. Rep. NE-101

Edmonds, Robert L. and James L. Marra    1999,    Decomposition of Woody Material:  Nutrient Dynamics, Invertebrate/ Fungi Relationships and Management in Northwest Forest.    USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-461 June    68-78

Franklin, Jerry, Cromack, Jr., Kermit, et al. others, Feb. 1981, Ecological Characteristics of Old-Growth Douglas-Fir Forests    USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-118    50 Pages

Franklin, J. F., H. H. Shugart and M. E. Harmon     1987,     Tree Death as an Ecological Process (The causes, consequences, and variability of tree mortality)    BioScience Vol. 37 No.8; Pg 550-556  

Graham, Harvey, Jurgensen, Jain, Tonn and Page-Dumroese    Sept 1994, Managing Coarse Woody Debris in Forest of the Rocky Mountains    USDA Research Paper INT-RP-477, 13 pages

Hardwick, R. C.    1987,    The Nitrogen Content of Plants and the Self-thinning Rule of Plant Ecology: A Test of the Core-skin Hypothesis    Annals of Botany 60: 439-446

Harmon et al    1986,    Ecology of Coarse Woody Debris in Temperate Ecosystems.  Advances in Ecological Research    (15) 133-301

Harmon, M., W. K. Ferrell and J. F. Franklin    Feb 1990,    Affects of Carbon Storage of Conversion of Old-Growth Forest to Young Forest,  Science Vol. 247; pg 699-700

Harmon, M.E.and C. Hua      Oct 1991, Coarse Woody Debris Dynamics in Two Old-Growth Ecosystems    Bioscience Vol.  41 No.  9

Harmon M.E.- J. Sexton- B.A. Caldwell and S.E. Carpenter 1994, Fungal sporocarp mediated losses of Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, N, P, and Zn from conifer logs in the early stages of decomposition.      Can. J. For. Res.     24:1883-1893

Harvey     A.E.    M.J. Larsen and M.F. Jurgensen 1976, Distribution of ectomycorrhizae in a mature Douglas-fir/larch forest soil in western Montana.  Forest Science 22:393-398

Harvey, A.E., M.F. Jurgensen, and M.J. Larsen.   1981,    Organic reserves:  
importance to ectomycorrhizae in forest soils of western Montana.      Forest Science     27:442-445

Kropp, B.R.  1982, Rotten wood as mycorrhizal inoculum for containerized western hemlock.     Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 12:428-431

Kruys, N. and B.G. Jonsson 1999, Fine woody debris is important for species richness on logs in managed boreal spruce forests of northern Sweden    Can. J. For. Res.     29:1295-1299

Maser, Chris and James M. Trappe 1984, The Seen and Unseen World of the Fallen Tree    USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-164

Maser, Chris, Robert F. Tarrant, James M. Trappe, and Jerry F. Franklin    1988, From the Forest to the Sea: A Story of Fallen Trees    USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-229

Page-Dumroese, Harvey, Jurgensen and Graham 1991, Organic Matter Function In The Western-Montana Forest Soil System    UDSA Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-280 Intermountain Research Station: 95-100
Shigo, A. L.   1969, Death And Decay of Trees   Natural History; 78: 42-47

Shigo, A. L.  June 1977, Communication of Knowledge and Needs Between Forest Researchers and Practicing Foresters. Northern Logger and Timber Processor; pg 11 and pg 38;

Shigo, A. L. 1994, (B) TREE BASICS, Shigo And Trees, Associates, 40 pages.

Shigo, A. L. 1996, Troubles in the Rhizosphere, Tree Care Industry, Volume VII,
      Number 10.

Shigo, A. L. 1997, Arboriculture in the 21st Century, Tree Care Industry Volume VIII, Number 1

Shigo, A. L. 1999, Tree Pithy Points, Shigo And Trees, Associates

Shigo, A. L. June 2000, Tree Education and Philosophy, Tree Care Industry Volume   
      XI, Number 6


Shigo articles are found here:


Shigo literature can be found here:
Trappe, J.M.  1977, Selection of Fungi for Ectomycorrhizal Inoculation in Nurseries.    Ann. Rev. Phytopath., 15:203-22
Voller, Joan and Scott Harrison    1998,    Conservation Biology Principles for Forested Landscapes    UBC Press

Wargo, P.M. and H. R. Skutt 1975, Resistance to Pulsed Electric Current: an Indicator of Stress in Forest Trees    Can. J. For.Res. Vol. 5, pg 557-561

Williams, Ted    May 1991,    Don't Worry Plant A Tree    Audubon, pg 24-33

Woodier, Oliwen     1998 (Dec /January),    Turning Deadwood into Lively Homes for Wildlife    National Wildlife pg 14-15

Note: Other hard to get documents:

Go Back

Dictionary MAIN PAGE
Text & Graphics Copyright © 2014 Keslick & Son Modern Arboriculture

Please report web site problems, comments and words of interest, not found.